It is a general knowledge, especially among medical workers that, a patient infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, may sooner or later get infected with other diseases, chief among which is Tuberculosis.
One of my teachers would go on to call Tuberculosis, the brother to HIV/AIDS, because it almost always occurs following immune suppression caused by the HIV. This confers some level of special status on Tuberculosis, as a disease of public health importance.
This year’s TB report indicates that The MDG target to halt and reverse TB incidence has been achieved on a worldwide basis, in each of the six WHO regions and in 16 of the 22 high-burden countries that collectively account for 80% of TB cases. Globally, TB incidence has fallen by an average of 1.5% per year since 2000 and is now 18% lower than the level of 2000.
The report describes higher global totals for new TB cases than in previous years, “but these reflect increased and improved national data rather than any increase in the spread of the disease. Despite these advances and despite the fact that nearly all cases can be cured, TB remains one of the world’s biggest threats. In 2014, TB killed 1.5 million people (1.1 million HIV-negative and 0.4 million HIV-positive). The toll comprised 890 000 men, 480 000 women and 140 000 children. TB now ranks alongside HIV as a leading cause of death worldwide.”