Schistosomiasis is a disease caused by a parasite and flat worm, a blood fluke – Trematode. It is also known as Bilharziasis. It is a disease that is endemic in sub saharan Africa. This disease is transmitted when the cercariae (or baby worms) penetrate the skin of man from infested, stagnant water.
It has emerged that about 44 million Nigerians across 34 States and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) are at risk and indeed need treatment for the schistosomiasis disease.
Do you know that statistics show that about 200,000 Nigerians die each year from a chronic infection of the worm.
The Permanent Secretary, Federal Ministry of Health, Dr Amina Shamaki, puts it clearly when she said;
“Nigeria has the highest burden of Neglected Tropical Disease in Sub Sahara in Africa.”
“The high burden of worms in Nigeria is a matter of concern.”
DoctorsQuarters.com advices all visitors to and inhabitants of endemic area to follow these prevention and control steps;
- Avoid stagnant water contact
- Adequate chemoprophylaxis with Praziquantel
- Destruction of the intermediate host – Snails
- Sanitary disposal of faeces and urine, proper environmental sanitation.