DIABETES MELLITUS AND ITS COMPLICATIONS: PICTURES AND NARRATIVES

type-2-diabetes-19063417 insulin-action-diabetes-types-27081201 diabetes-mellitus-long-term-complications-type-affected-organs-untreated-can-cause-many-serious-include-45346286 blood-glucose-monitoring-meter-diabetes-close-up-monitor-as-used-to-test-sugar-levels-diabetics-36062113 type-diabetes-killer-western-world-39896870It is true that pictures speak a thousand words. I thought i should share these striking, educating pictures and diagrams to explain what Diabetes mellitus, type 2, is all about.

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder, where there is an high blood glucose (blood sugar), either because insulin production is inadequate, or because the body’s cells do not respond properly to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience polyuria (frequent urination), they will become increasingly thirsty (polydipsia) and hungry (polyphagia).

Diabetes is a disease of the pancreas, an organ located behind your stomach. Normally, the pancreas releases a substance called insulin into the blood. Insulin helps the body to use sugars and fats that are broken down from the foods we eat.
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Here are some commonly, frequently asked questions, that most persons would wand to be clarified…

What causes diabetes?

A: The following factors may increase your chance of getting diabetes:
• Family history of diabetes
• Being overweight
• Age (Chances increase with age)

My father has diabetes. Does that raise my risk?

A: Yes. Having a family member with diabetes raises your risk of developing type 1 by about 5 percent and type 2 diabetes by more than 30 percent.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

A: The symptoms of type 2 diabetes often go unnoticed. These symptoms build up over time and include:
• Blurred vision
• Slow healing sores or cuts
• Itchy skin (usually in the vaginal or groin area)
• Yeast infections
• Increased thirst
• Dry mouth
• A need to urinate often

Could eating lot of sugar lead to diabetes?

A: One of the oldest myths about diabetes is that sugar causes the disease. A lot of people still think you get diabetes from eating too much sugar.

Not true. Nor is it necessary for diabetics to avoid all sugar. Eating a well-balanced diet rich in whole grains, protein, veggies, and fruit — and low in fat, cholesterol, and simple sugars (which cause blood sugar to spike) — is a healthy plan for everybody.


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If I had gestational diabetes (diabetes during pregnancy) that went away, should I worry?

A: Unfortunately, your risk of developing type 2 diabetes after gestational diabetes increases substantially — between 20 percent and 50 percent. (Gestational diabetes occurs when hormones that help a baby’s placenta develop interfere with the mother’s insulin, resulting in higher blood sugars.) Your personal odds depend upon other factors like ethnicity, genetics, and weight. Losing weight after you’ve had a baby can help limit your risk. It is also helpful to note that, gestational diabetes, have a risk of converting to full blown type 2 Diabetes mellitus within a 10 year period.

Can I control Diabetes with Diet only?

A: Diet is a very important aspect in the treatment of Diabetes particularly the timing of it. At the beginning you may be successful in controlling Diabetes with diet only, but unfortunately a time will come when only diet won’t be enough, you will require medicine. This time is different for different people, for somebody this can be a few months while for others it may be a few years. It is very important to try with diet first; this will help you to understand the principles of diet and will convince you the need for treatment to control Diabetes. Also, personal checks using the electronic glucometer would help in the control of the disease.

A lot of other questions may arise, but it is important that diabetics maintain a normal glycemic level; and for those who are at risk of developing the condition, get a frequent period check of your blood glucose level from your local doctor…

ALL PICTURES AND DIAGRAMS ARE GOTTEN FROM DREAMSTIME.COM


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admin

The Admin is a Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria Certified Medical Doctor. He is popular for being a fast rising online voice in Nigeria, with a flair for animated writing. He is a professional health content writer. He loves to swim, read and play board games. He see himself as one who is destined to play a role in the way health services are rendered to the human race.