MALARIA AND MOSQUITOES: THINGS YOU MAY NEVER HAVE KNOWN

A Female Aedes aegypti - PHOTO by James Gathany/CDC

A Female Aedes aegypti – PHOTO by James Gathany/CDC

Most homes in Sub Saharan Africa have as co-inhabitants with humans, mosquitoes. I know you know that mosquitoes are protozoans of the genus Plasmodium. There are 5 species of mosquitoes (unlike what was known in the past). They are;

Plasmodium falciparum is responsible for the majority of malaria deaths globally and is the most prevalent species in sub-Saharan Africa. The remaining species are not typically as life threatening as P. falciparum.

Plasmodium vivax, is the second most significant species and is prevalent in Southeast Asia and Latin America. P. vivax and Plasmodium ovale have the added complication of a dormant liver stage, which can be reactivated in the absence of a mosquito bite, leading to clinical symptoms.

P. ovale and Plasmodium malariae represent only a small percentage of infections.

A fifth species Plasmodium knowlesi – a species that infects primates – has led to human malaria, but the exact mode of transmission remains unclear.

Mosquitoes are the vectors of a number of disease conditions,

Malaria, Dengue Fever, Yellow Fever, Chikungunya, Rift Valley Fever, West Nile Virus, Western Equine Encephalitis and a host of other encephalitis. Click here to SEE MORE on CDC Site.

The  also calls Mosquitoes ‘The Deadliest Animals’. Read the stunning reason he gave;

What makes mosquitoes so dangerous? Despite their innocuous-sounding name—Spanish for “little fly”—they carry devastating diseases. The worst is malaria, which kills more than 600,000 people every year; another 200 million cases incapacitate people for days at a time. It threatens half of the world’s population and causes billions of dollars in lost productivity annually.

Did you know that there are over 2500 species of mosquitoes and they exist in EVERY region of the world!! EXCEPT IN THE ANTARCTICA….

He went on to call mosquitoes some funny and dramatic names in a mock-film flick…

PHOTO by Gate Notes

PHOTO by Gate Notes

The deadliest weapon/disease from the stables of mosquitoes is MALARIA. It is a major killer… the major killer of Man. No predator, parasite, pest has beaten this record!!! Take a look at the records as it pertains Africa and Nigeria;

There were 198 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2013, with 82% of these cases occurring in Africa.

There were an estimated 584,000 malaria deaths worldwide in 2013, with 90% of these deaths occurring in Africa.

78% of global malaria deaths were estimated to occur in children under 5 years of age children.

Two African countries account for nearly 40% of global malaria deaths: The Democratic Republic of the Congo and Nigeria account for 39% of global malaria deaths and 34% of global malaria cases.

See the statistical chart below….

Biggest Killers.... PHOTO by Bill Gates Blog

Biggest Killers…. PHOTO by Bill Gates Blog

MALARIA KILLS…. KILL MALARIA.

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The Admin is a Medical and Dental Council of Nigeria Certified Medical Doctor. He is popular for being a fast rising online voice in Nigeria, with a flair for animated writing. He is a professional health content writer.
He loves to swim, read and play board games. He see himself as one who is destined to play a role in the way health services are rendered to the human race.