HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS : 10 REASONS TO AVOID EVER CONTACTING IT

This is a sexually transmitted infection you may not know you have and it is another serious infection. Here are some points to note about this infection:

1. The Herpes Simplex Virus, or herpes, is categorized into 2 types : herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) and herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2). HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral to oral contact to cause infection in or around the mouth (oral herpes). HSV-2 is almost exclusively sexually transmitted, causing infection in the genital or anal area (genital herpes). However, HSV-1 can also be transmitted to the genital area through oral-genital contact to cause genital herpes.

 

2. HSV-1 is mainly transmitted by oral-to-oral contact to cause oral herpes : (which can include symptoms known as “cold sores”), but can also cause genital herpes. It can also be via contact with the HSV-1 virus in sores, saliva, and surfaces in or around the mouth. Can even be transmitted through kissing, sharing objects like toothbrushes or eating utensils.. However, HSV-1 can also be transmitted to the genital area through oral-genital contact to cause genital herpes. HSV-1 can be transmitted from oral or skin surfaces that appear normal and when there are no symptoms present. However, the greatest risk of transmission is when there are active sores. Individuals who already have HSV-1 oral herpes infection are unlikely to be subsequently infected with HSV-1 in the genital area. People who already have HSV-1 infection are not at risk of getting it again, but they are still at risk of acquiring herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) genital infection.

 

3. HSV-2 is a sexually transmitted infection that causes genital herpes : Infection with HSV-2 is lifelong and incurable. More women are infected with HSV-2 than men. This is because sexual transmission of HSV is more efficient from men to women than from women to men. Genital herpes infections often have no symptoms, or mild symptoms that go unrecognized. Most infected people are unaware that they have the infection. When symptoms do occur, genital herpes is characterized by one or more genital or anal blisters or open sores called ulcers. In addition to genital ulcers, symptoms of new genital herpes infections often include fever, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes. After an initial genital herpes infection with HSV-2, recurrent symptoms are common but often less severe than the first outbreak. The frequency of outbreaks tends to decrease over time.

 

4. Both HSV-1 and HSV-2 infections are lifelong : There is no cure for herpes simplex. Once a person has the virus, it remains in the body. The virus lies inactive in the nerve cells until something triggers it to become active again. For many people with the herpes virus, which can go through periods of being dormant, attacks (or outbreaks) can be brought on by the following conditions : General illness (from mild illnesses to serious conditions), Fatigue, Physical or emotional stress, Immunosuppression due to AIDS or such medications as chemotherapyor steroids, Trauma to the affected area, including sexual activity and Menstruation.

 

5. An estimated 3.7 billion people under age 50 (67%) have HSV-1 infection globally.

 

6. An estimated 417 million people aged 15-49 (11%) worldwide have HSV-2 infection.

 

7. Most oral and genital herpes infections are asymptomatic:  Both oral herpes infections and genital herpes infections are mostly asymptomatic but can cause mild symptoms or painful blisters or ulcers at the site of infection. When symptoms do occur, genital herpes is characterized by one or more genital or anal blisters or open sores called ulcers. In addition to genital ulcers, symptoms of new genital herpes infections often include fever, body aches, and swollen lymph nodes. After an initial genital herpes infection with HSV-2, recurrent symptoms are common but often less severe than the first outbreak. The frequency of outbreaks tends to decrease over time.

 

8. Symptoms of herpes include painful blisters or ulcers at the site of infection : However, HSV-1 can also be transmitted to the genital area through oral-genital contact to cause genital herpes.  However, the greatest risk of transmission is when there are active sores. People infected with HSV-2 may experience sensations of mild tingling or shooting pain in the legs, hips, and buttocks before the occurrence of genital ulcers. HSV-2 is mainly transmitted during sex, through contact with genital surfaces, skin, sores or fluids of someone infected with the virus.

9. Herpes infections are most contagious when symptoms are present but can still be transmitted to others in the absence of symptoms : HSV-1 can be transmitted from oral or skin surfaces that appear normal and when there are no symptoms present. HSV-2 can be transmitted from skin in the genital or anal area that looks normal and is often transmitted in the absence of symptoms.

10. Infection with HSV-2 increases the risk of acquiring and transmitting HIV infection.

 

 

WHO 2017

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Bridget Jamil-Gaiya

I am a Public Health student of Madonna University, Elele, Rivers State. I am from kaduna State. I love singing, playing badminton and basketball. in all I love music and sports. I am a very friendly person and like meeting people.